Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of death in the UK - there were 216,000 deaths in 2004 - 4 out of every 10 deaths in the UK. About half of all deaths from CVD are from Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) and about a quarter are from Stroke. CHD in England effects about 7.4% of men and 4.5% in women. Prevalence rates increase with age, with around 1 in 4 men and 1 in 5 women aged 75 years and above living with CHD.
Overall we estimate that there are just under 1.5 million men living in the UK who have had CHD (either angina or heart attack) and about 1.1 million women, giving a total of around 2.6 million
The current Joint British Guidelines state that everybody’s total cholesterol level should be 5 or below. If however you have been told that you at a higher risk it should be 4 or below.
As total cholesterol level rises so does the risk of heart attack.
A level above 6 mmol/litre is regarded as high, and is a risk factor for arterial disease. Cholesterol factsheet 2
Your doctor will diagnose you as having high blood pressure - ( Hypertension) by following the recommendations in the chart below. -140/90 is the number to remember because a person you have high blood pressure if your systolic blood pressure is higher than 140mmHg or your diastolic blood pressure is higher than 90mmHg. It will only be confirmed after it has been checked on a number of occasions at different times - not just as a “one off”. A self recording accurate blood pressure monitor can also be used by you.
More information is available from British hypertension Society and for health professionals Guidelines for management of hypertension