Diabetes
More than two million people in the UK today have diagnosed diabetes

At least 750,000 more - "the missing million" - are thought to have diabetes but do not know it yet.

The number of people with diabetes is escalating both in the UK and globally
What is diabetes?
There are two main types of diabetes:

Type 1 This is what is called an autoimmune condition. That is the immune system, which exists to protect the body against infection and disease, turns against itself destroying the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. This results in a complete deficiency of insulin.

Type 2 This is caused either by a shortage of insulin or a fault in the way the body responds to insulin,known as insulin resistance. Insulin is produced but is unable to do its job of enabling the cells to absorb glucose from the blood.
How do I now if I might have diabetes?
You may have some of the following symptoms
Increased thirst
Frequently passing urine especially at night
Feeling fatigued and tired
Loosing weight.
Blurred vision
Genital itching or regular episodes of thrush
Slow healing of wounds
In Type 1 diabetes the signs and symptoms usually come on fairly quickly and are soon noticed over a few weeks,
In Type 2 diabetes the onset and progress of symptoms will not be so easy to identify or may not even be obvious.
Am I at risk ?
The metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance are very important in the development of diabetes - being overweight and a waist size at or over 31.5 inches for women; 35inches or over for Asian men and 37 inches or over for white and black men.

Other risk factors are: Your age, ethnicity and a close family history of diabetes – especially a parent, brother or sister. If you have high blood pressure, a history of heart attack or stroke, polycystic ovary syndrome and gestational diabetes (in women) Severe mental health problems. Read the Diabetes UK fact sheet

It is very important to diagnose diabetes as early as possible, don’t ignore any symptoms and know your numbers - your waste size, BMI Blood Pressure and blood sugar level by having a simple test. Your GP will follow the latest guidelines in advising you on prevention screening, and treatment.

Early treatment reduces the symptoms and prevents the risk of future complications.